The Bikeshare Planning Guide


“A Right to the Road: Understanding & Addressing Bicyclist Safety,” Governor’s Highway Safety Association, September 2017,

“Adaptive Biketown FAQ,” Portland Bureau of Transportation,

Alpert, David. “Which dockless bikeshare (Mobike, LimeBike, or Spin) is right for you?” Greater Greater Washington, September 25, 2017,

Aschwanden, Christie, “Do Bike Helmet Laws Save People?” The Washington Post, June 3, 2013,

Bhuiyan, Johana. “Indian ride-hail player Ola just launched its own dockless bike-sharing service,” Recode, December 3, 2017,

“Bike Share in the US: 2010-2016,” National Association of City Transportation Officials, March 9, 2017,

“Bike Sharing in Germany,” The Red Relocators,

“Bike-Sharing and the City: 2017 White Paper,” Mobike, April 12, 2017,

“Breeze Bike Share,” City of Santa Monica Planning & Community Development,

Brown, Charles T. “Cycling Equity: Barriers to Bike Access and Use in Communities of Color.” Webinar, National Association of City Transportation Officials, August 15, 2017,

C4DLab, University of Nairobi, 2016,

“Capital Bikeshare Ridership Soars During First Week of SafeTrack,” District Department of Transportation, June 15, 2016,

Cohen, Josh. “Did Seattle’s mandatory helmet law kill off its bike-share scheme?” The Guardian, April 18, 2017,

Cohen, Josh. “How Soon Till a National Bike-Share Workers Union?” Next City, January 19, 2016,

Cox, Charlotte. “A huge Chinese bike-sharing scheme is coming to Manchester and Salford…and it’s Way better than the Boris bikes,” Manchester Evening News, June 12, 2017,

De Clercq, Geert. “Velib bike-sharing scheme hits road bump in French capital,” Reuters, January 8, 2018,

“Delancey St: Protected Bike Lanes and Safety Improvements.” Presentation, New York City Department of Transportation, April 5, 2017,

Dovey, Rachel. “San Diego Aims to Shift Bike-Share Focus From Tourists to Commuters,” Next City, September 7, 2017,

“Economic Impact & Operational Efficiency for Bikeshare Systems,” Virginia Tech, January 2014,

“Egypt to launch country’s first bicycle-sharing system,” Egypt Independent, July 25, 2017,

Faghih-Imania, Ahmadreza, Sabreena Anowar, Eric J.Miller, and Naveen Eluru. “Hail a cab or ride a bike? A travel time comparison of taxi and bicycle-sharing systems in New York City,” Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 101, (2017): 11-21,


Fillin-Yeh, Kate. “How We’ll Know When We’re Getting Bike Equity Right,” Next City, April 26, 2016,

Firestine, Theresa. “BTS Technical Report: Bike-Share Stations in the United States,” US Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics. 2016,

Fuller, Daniel, Lise Gauvin, Yan Kestens, Mark Daniel, Michel Fournier, Patrick Morency, and Louis Drouin. “Impact Evaluation of a Public Bicycle Share Program on Cycling: A Case Example of BIXI in Montreal, Quebec.” American Journal of Public Health, 103, no.3 (2013): e85–e92,

“Go Further with Your ConnectCard,” Healthy Ride Pittsburgh,

“Grants,” Better Bike Share,

Hamilton, Timothy L. and Casey J. Wichman. “Bicycle Infrastructure and Traffic Congestion: Evidence from DC’s Capital Bikeshare,” Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 87 (2018): 72-93,  

Harshbarger, Rebecca, “350 parking spaces will be converted into Citi Bike stations: DOT,” AM New York, August 25, 2015,

Hosford, Kate. “Who Are Public Bikeshare Programs Serving? An Evaluation of the Equity of Spatial Access to Bikeshare Service Areas in Canadian Cities.” Lecture, Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, January 8, 2018.

Jurdak, Raja. “The Impact of Cost and Network Topology on Urban Mobility: A Study of Public Bicycle Usage in 2 U.S. Cities.” PLOS One, (2013),

Keeling, Brock. “Gentrification fears push bikeshare out of Mission,” Curbed San Francisco, July 18, 2017,

Kirk, Mimi. “Africa’s First Bike-Share Just Launched in Morocco,” City Lab, November 11, 2016,

Koska, Thorsten and Frederic Rudolph. “The Role of Walking and Cycling in Reducing Congestion: A Portfolio of Measures,” FLOW Project, July 2016,

Lipton, Josh. “Bike-sharing boom in China pedals to new heights,” CNBC, July 18, 2017,

MacDonald, Christine. “The Bike Share Station Sponsorship Dance,” City Lab, November 29, 2011,

Maddox, Teri. “Want to ride but don’t own a bike? Then this new service could be for you,” Belleville News-Democrat, February 9, 2018,

Martin, Elliot, Adam Cohen, Jan Botha, and Susan Shaheen. “Bikesharing and Bicycle Safety,” Mineta Transportation Institute at San Jose State University, March 2016,

Maus, Jonathan. “Portland now using pedal-powered trikes to help rebalance bike share stations,” Bike Portland, September 7, 2016,

McNeil, Nathan, Jennifer Dill, John MacArthur, Joseph Broach, and Steven Howland. “Breaking Barriers to Bike Share: Insights from Residents of Traditionally Underserved Neighborhoods.” Transportation Research and Education Center at Portland State University, June 2017,

Meddin, Russell. “The Bike-sharing World Map,”

Mengwei, Chen. “Hangzhou abuzz over bike sharing,” China Daily, September 1, 2016,

“Mi Bici Tu Bici,” Municipalidad de Rosario,

Mooney, Stephen, Caroline Magee, Kolena Deng, Julie Leonard, Jingzhen Yang, Frederick Rivara, and Beth Ebel. “Do ‘complete streets’ policies decrease the risk of fatalities for adult bicyclists?” British Medical Journal, 24, (2017),

“Optimising Bikesharing in European Cities,” Obis, June 2011,

Peters, Jonathan R., Adam L. Davidson, and Nora T. Santiago. “ The Economic Impacts of Transferring Curb Space from Car Parking to Bike Share Docks,” The CUNY Social Policy Simulation Center, November 2013,

“Pricing,” Metro Bike Share,

“Public Bike Share Users Survey Results 2017,” BikePlus CarPlus, September 2017,

Ross, Katherine, Paul Reynolds and Jen Chou. “How Much You Can Save If You Commute By Bike,” ValuePenguin,

Runyan, Robin. “MoGo racks up 100K rides; plans adaptive bike share in 2018,” Curbed Detroit, October 17, 2017,

“Safer Cycling: Bicycle Ridership and Safety in New York City,” New York City Department of Transportation, 2017,

Soper, Taylor. “Bike-sharing services Spin and LimeBike let riders use bicycles without smartphone or credit card,” Geekwire, August 23, 2017,

“Stationless Bikeshare Program Permit Application,” San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency,

“Subscribe to Opus Access,” Bixi Montreal, July 6, 2017,

“The Future Viability and Pricing Structures of Bike Share in North America,” Toole Design Group, July 2013.

“The Year End Report,” Limebike, December 19, 2017,

“Transport Emissions Evaluation Model for Projects (TEEMP),” Clean Air Asia,

“Two Wheels Good as Mobike Arrives in US,” Shanghai Daily, September 22, 2017,

“Using the OV-Fiets,” NS Netherlands,

Van Ommeren, Kees, Martijn Lelieveld, Menno de Pater, and Willem Goedhart. “Social Costs and Benefits of Cycling,” Ministry of Infrastructure and Environment, June 2012,

Whim. 2018.

Interested in learning more about optimizing dockless bikeshare for cities? Check out ITDP's dockless bikeshare policy brief.

View Policy Brief